CPDP2013 Programme • Thursday 24 January 2013

13

CPDP2013 Panels at Grande Halle

8.45 Big Data: Big Promises, Big Challenges

co-organised by INRIA and CPDP

hosted by Daniel Le Métayer (INRIA) & Marieke De Goede (University of Amsterdam)

panel John Boswell, SAS (US), Toon Calders, Eindhoven University of Technology (NL), Stephane Grumbach, Inria (FR), Omer Tene, College of Management School of Law, Rishon Le Zion (ISR)

Big Data promises a great deal: they are inscribed with the potential to transform society, science, governance, business and society as a whole. But the quest for predictability which is at the core of Big Data also raises many questions related to determinism, discrimination, manipulation, conformism, to cite a few.

This panel will address the following issues:

  • What are the main benefits and risks associated with Big Data and the integration of large, diverse datasets?
  • What critical social, moral and legal problems are raised by Big Data and what could be the way forward to minimize the risks while not compromising the benefits?
  • Is the current philosophy of data protection in Europe compatible with Big Data or is it deeply called into question?

10.15 Coffee break

10.30 Balancing of Fundamental Rights in Online Copyright Enforcement

co-organised by IViR and CPDP

hosted by Serge Gutwirth, Vrije Universiteit Brussel (BE) & Nico van Eijk, University of Amsterdam (NL)

panel Fabienne Brison, VUB & Hoyng Monegier LLP (BE), Malcolm Hutty, EuroISPA (BE), Marietje Schaake, Member of European Parliament – ALDE (NL), Wendy Seltzer, World Wide Web Consortium & Chillingeffects.org (US)

There is an ongoing trend towards stricter enforcement of copyright on the internet. Is copyright enforcement possible without infringing fundamental rights?

11.45 DPAs and The Challenges of Cooperation

hosted by Charles Raab (University of Edinburgh) & Ivan Szekely (CEU)

panel Alexander Dix, Berlin Commissioner for Data Protection and Freedom of Information (DE), Hielke Hijmans, EDPS (EU), David Smith, Office of the Information Commissioner (UK), Kush Wadwha, Trilateral Consulting (UK)

Under the proposed European Data Protection Regulation, the data protection authorities of Member States are expected to co-operate with each other and with the Commission, and to achieve consistency in their activities. What are the prospects for this, and what has been their previous experience with joint activities and mutual assistance? The speakers in this panel are well-qualified to consider these and related questions in this subject, which is of great importance to the future of data protection.

13.00 Lunch

14.00 Data Protection: Redress Mechanisms and Their Use

co-organised by the EU Agency for Fundamental Rights and CPDP

hosted by Christopher Docksey (EDPS)

panel Ian Brown, Oxford Internet Institute (UK), Niraj Nathwani, EU Agency for Fundamental Rights (EU), Grzegorz Sibiga, Helsinki Foundation for Human Rights (PL), Eric Töpfer, Deutsches Institut für Menschenrechte (DE)

Earlier studies, including special Eurobarometer surveys and the report of the European Union Agency for fundamental rights (FRA) on data protection authorities, highlighted that redress mechanisms in the area of data protection are available, but little used. FRA will undertake legal and social fieldwork research on Member States’ redress mechanisms in the area of data protection to offer insights into the reasons why available redress mechanisms in the area of data protection are little used.

The panel will address the following issues:

  • usage of redress mechanisms in the area of data protection in the EU Member States;
  • barriers and incentives for using and applying particular redress mechanisms;
  • observations on need to improve accessibility and effectiveness of redress mechanisms;
  • observations concerning independence and resources of data protection authorities.

15.15 Coffee break

15.30 The Business Perspective on Data Protection Regulation

hosted by Christoph Luykx (Intel) & Rosa Barcelo (DG Connect – EC)

panel Frederico Etro, Universitá Ca’ Foscari (IT), speakers from IT firms

The panel aims at presenting an overview of the main issues on the horizon for ICT firms given global developments including legislative and regulatory such as the review of the EU data protection directive, market innovations and growing complexities.

16.45 Data Protection Legislation and Start-Up Companies

hosted by Erik Valgaeren (Stibbe)

panel Yves Baudechon, Social Lab Group (BE), Harri Koponen, Rovio (FI), speakers from start-ups, a Member of the European Parliament [tbc]

The European internet start-up economy is growing fast. Businesses are starting and growing across the European Union led by creative, driven people. More often than not, however, innovation relies on the processing of personal data. While there is no doubt that it is inspiring to see this level of impact in Europe, innovation needs the right regulatory environment in order to thrive. This panel seeks to dissect the apparent contradiction between the perception of bureaucratic burden and an increasingly citizen focused data protection framework and the need for innovation-friendly regulation.

18.30 2013 International Champion of Freedom Award, and Cocktail offered by EPIC (till 20.00)

 

CPDP2013 Panels at Petite Halle

10.15 Coffee break

 

10.30 EU fight against botnets: a honeypot for personal data? (till 13.00)

co-organised by JRC-Institute for the Protection and Security of the Citizen and CPDP

hosted by Laurent Beslay, European Commission, JRC – Institute for the Protection and Security of the Citizen (EC)

panel Alberto Escudero-Pascual, IT46.se (IT), Eric Freyssinet, Cybercrime Division of Gendarmerie Nationale (FR), Corrado Leita, Symantec, Jean-Christophe Le Toquin, ACDC EU project Microsoft (FR), Pasquale Stirparo, JRC-Institute for the Protection and Security of the Citizen (EU).

How to offer legally admissible evidence for taking down botnets and being in compliance with the EU data protection regulatory framework which imposes stringent safeguards on the confidentiality of personal communications and their related traffic data? Through an interactive discussion between the speakers and the participants, innovative solutions for detecting, measuring, analysing, mitigating and eliminating botnets taking into account the principle of privacy by design will be presented and debated.

13.00 Lunch

14.00 Onlife Manifesto – Being Human and Making Society in the Digital Age: Privacy in Light of Hannah Arendt

co-organised by DG Connect, CRIDS and CPDP

hosted by Luciano Floridi, University of Hertfordshire & University of Oxford (UK) & Michael Friedewald, Fraunhofer ISI (DE)

panel Charles Ess, University of Oslo (NO), Luciano Floridi, University of Hertfordshire & University of Oxford (UK), Claire Lobet-Maris, University of Namur – CRIDS (BE)

For Hannah Arendt, politics emerge from the plurality and the public space is the space lying between us, where each of us can experience freedom. “While all aspects of the human condition are somehow related to politics, this plurality is specifically the condition – not only the conditio sine qua non, but the conditio per quam – of all political life” (The Human Condition).

This panel will focus on what matters for the public space, and in particular:

  • the questions raised by the computing era and the current regulation of privacy;
  • the means needed to reinvigorate the sense of plurality;
  • the responses of the “Onlife Manifesto” produced by an interdisciplinary group of experts.

The speakers are members of a scientific group leading a conceptual work called the “Onlife Initiative”. This initiative is part of the Digital Futures project, initiated by the DG Connect: Nicole Dewandre – DG Connect – European Commission (EU).

15.00 Coffee break

15.30 Surveillance and Criminal Law

co-organised by EU PF7 project IRISS and CPDP

hosted by Antonella Galetta (VUB) & Gary T. Marx (MIT)

panel Eric Metcalfe, Monkton Chambers, Representative from the NGO Liberty [tbc] (UK), Representative from the company Omniperception [tbc] (UK), John Vervaele, University of Utrecht (NL).

This panel will look at how surveillance systems are operated in our everyday life and for law enforcement purposes. In particular, it will focus on the presumption of innocence and the impact of surveillance on fundamental rights. It will deal with these issues broadly as well as looking at the most specific contexts of the use and deployment of surveillance measures in pre-trial and post-trial contexts. Specific surveillance technologies and practices will be examined, such as CCTVs and electronic monitoring systems. These issues will be dealt in a comparative perspective considering the European and US experiences.

The main topics of discussion will be:

  • What are the effects of surveillance on the presumption of innocence?
  • How the impacts of surveillance on the presumption of innocence are countered by legislation and case law?
  • How are surveillance systems deployed in prisons and within the criminal justice system?
  • How is surveillance operated beyond regimes of custody?

16.45 Surveillance, Democracy and the State (till 18.00)

co-organised by EU PF7 project IRISS and CPDP

hosted by Reinhard Kreissl (IRKS) & Chiara Fonio (Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore)

panel Roger Clarke, Xamax Consultancy Ltd (AUS), Ben Hayes, Statewatch (UK), Clive Norris, University of Sheffield (UK), Rowena Rodrigues, Trilateral Research and Consulting (UK)

Surveillance and democracy are intimately intertwined. Every modern polity has developed an elaborate system for identifying constituencies and monitoring and controlling the population. Modern surveillance practices as a means of governance are introduced with a double justification. On the one hand a surveillance regime is required for the distribution of entitlements such as social welfare payments, providing the data for social planning and the allocation of resources. On the other hand, large-scale surveillance is supposed to help identify predators, criminals and terrorists. As well as this, the private sector plays an increasing role, both as complicit in state surveillance, and by forming its own nucleus of surveillance.

The panel will address the following issues in particular:

  • The non-reciprocal nature of visibility in contemporary “democratic” surveillance societies. Should the watchers should be as transparent as the citizens they surveil?
  • Is the democratization of surveillance technologies possible? If yes, to what extent?
  • Why is the legitimacy and social cost of surveillance technologies so often overlooked?
  • Do modern surveillance technologies require new ethical thinking?

CPDP2013 at La Cave

10.15 Coffee break

10.30 Anti-Discrimination by Design in Social Data Mining

co-organised by the EU PF7 project MODAP and CPDP

hosted by Dino Pedreschi (University of Pisa) & Rosamunde Van Brakel (Vrije Universiteit Brussel)

panel Raphaël Gellert, Vrije Universiteit Brussel (BE), Stan Matwin, Dalhousie University (CA), Salvatore Ruggieri, University of Pisa (IT), Tal Zarsky, Falculty of Law, University of Haifa (ISR)

Social data are at the heart of the idea of a knowledge society, where decisions can be taken on the basis of knowledge in these data. Mining technologies enable the extraction of profiles useful to screen people when searching for those with a certain behavior. Profiles are useful in many context, from criminal investigation to marketing, from genetic screening to web site personalization. Profiles can help the categorization people on the bases of their personal and intimate information. Unfortunately, this categorization may lead to unfair discrimination against protected groups. It obvious that discrimination jeopardizes trust therefore inscribing non-discrimination into the knowledge discovery technology by design is becoming indispensable.

11.45 Engineering privacy-aware systems and services

co-organised by the EU PF7 project NESSOS and CPDP

hosted by Fabio Martinelli (CNR Pisa)

panel Fabio Martinelli, CNR-Pisa (IT), J. Lopez, Univerity of Malaga (ES), M. Clavel, Imdea, J. Cuellar, Siemens.

This panel aims to examine the concept of privacy by design from several perspectives. Indeed, most current engineering approaches consider security only at the technological level, failing to capture the high-level requirements of trust or privacy. We discuss privacy enhancing mechanisms for future internet services, in particular for mobile devices.

13.00 Lunch

14.00 Privacy by Design in Big Data and Social Data Mining

co-organised by the EU PF7 project MODAP and CPDP

hosted by Fosca Giannotti (University of Pisa)

panel Elena Ferrari, University of Insubria (IT), Roberto Lattanzi, Italian Data Protection Authority (IT), Manolis Terrovitis, Institute for the Management of Information Systems (GR), Tal Zarsky, Falculty of Law, University of Haifa (IS)

One of the most fascinating challenges of our time is understanding the complexity of the global interconnected society. The big data, originating from the digital breadcrumbs of human activities, promise to let us scrutinize the ground truth of individual and collective behavior. However, the big data revolution is in its infancy, and there are many barriers to set the power of big data free for social mining, so that scientists, and in prospect everybody, can access the knowledge opportunities. One of the most important barriers is the right of each individual to the privacy, i.e., the right to protect the own personal sphere against privacy violations due to uncontrolled intrusions. The key point is: how can the right to access the collective knowledge and the right to individual privacy co-exist?

15.00 Coffee break

15.30 Academic Papers Session (till 18.00)

hosted by Ronald Leenes (Tilburg University) & Jean-Pierre Nordvik (JRC) (tbc)

Session 1: Empirical research and case: privacy attitudes, concerns and responses • Papers

  • The cost of using Facebook: Assigning value to different aspects of privacy protection on social network sites, Wouter Steijn (Tilburg University, NL)
  • All my mates have got it, so it must be okay”: Constructing a Richer Understanding of Privacy Concerns, Anthony Morton (University College London, UK)
  • The Rise of African SIM Registration: Mobility, Identity, Surveillance & Resistance, Kevin Donovan (University of Cape Town, RSA) and Aaron Martin (London School of Economics and Political Science, UK)
  • Personal Data Protection in Malaysia; Different Principles. Different Approaches, Noriswadi Ismail (Quotient Consulting, Malaysia)

Session 2: Data protection concepts, regulation, and reform • Papers

  • The proposed data protection regulation and international data transfer in cloud transformations: a kaleidoscopic view, Iheanyi Nwankwo, Corrales Marcelo and Nikolaus Forgó (Leibniz Universität Hannover, DE)
  • The Impact of Data Protection on the Interests of Indivuduals: The Data Protection Premium?, Orla Lynskey (London School of Economics, UK)
  • Forgetting about consent. Why the focus should be on “suitable safeguards” in data protection law, Gabriela Zanfir (University of Craiova, RO)
  • Realizing the Complexity of Data Protection, Marion Albers (Hamburg University, DE)

 

CPDP2013 side events second day

20.00 Open Roundtable: No Free Lunch on Social Media at De Markten

organised with deBuren, Les Halles, EMSOC and CPDP

hosted by Jo Pierson, iMinds-SMIT Vrije Universiteit Brussel (BE) and Dominique Deckmyn, De Standaard (BE)

panel Colin J. Bennett, University of Victoria (CA), Rob Heyman, iMinds-SMIT Vrije Universiteit Brussel (BE), Alain Heureux, IAB (EU), Bruno Schröder, Microsoft Belux (BE)

Social media seem to challenge users’ privacy as the platforms value openness, connecting, and sharing with others. They became the focal point for privacy discussions as EU regulation and consumer organisations advocate privacy.

In a forever increasing connectivity, online advertising has become a key source of income for a wide range of online services. It has become a crucial factor for the growth and expansion of the Internet economy. For digital advertising to continue to grow, it needs the right set of rules. To create growth, also trust needs to be encouraged in emerging technologies, so that consumers feel comfortable using them. How much privacy do users expect on platforms designed to share information?

In this debate we wish to dissect the privacy definitions proposed by social media platforms, advertisers and consumer representatives. We especially wish to focus on the current trade-off made on all social media; users are offered free access to social media, but in the end the advertisers pay through advertising for their free lunch.

In this context the solutions that offer users online anonymity, to take them around the current web 2.0 business models, are also explained. How can the eco-system work and be sustainable? We want to discuss if a perfect fit exists for the three stakeholders: users, social media platforms and advertisers.

Registration is required at http://emsoc.be/wec_events/no-free-lunch-on-social-media-2/?ac=1T

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